DIASPORA DAN PEMBENTUKAN IDENTITAS ETNIS ARAB DI KOTA MANADO

Muhammad Nur Ichsan Azis

Abstract


This paper describes the Arab people in Manado, as ethnic groups, traders and influential
people in the late 19th century to the early 20th century. The Arabs were classified as
people who are active in trading activities, especially in the shift of commodities, until the
mid-20th century. They were one of the ethnic groups that play several important roles in
the structure of Indonesian society, including in Manado. These activities influenced the
process of population movement, diaspora, identity formation, and the axis of commercial
networks towards the beginning of the 20th century. Manado was a strategic area that
connected several major and small cities for Arab traders. This paper used historical methods
to examine Arab communities that still survive today. The diaspora of the Arabs to Manado
strengthen the Arabs in Indonesian archipelago. The network that was formed had an
impact on the religious identity attached to the Arabs in Manado towards the early 20th
century AD. One of factors driving the power of the Arabs was the economy which can take
advantage of the space among other business actors. As a result, they became a new force
in the early 20th century that they were able to attract local people’s attention to stay
connected.


Keywords


Arab, diaspora, migration, and colonial

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33652/handep.v4i1.107

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