BUDI DAYA KELAPA DAN PEMASARAN KOPRA DI BUOL 1970-2019

Jhon Rivel Purba, Wilman Darsono Lumangino

Abstract


As the price of copra increased in the global market, coconut cultivation in Buol received great attention in the early 20th century. During the New Order, the government paid attention again to people’s plantations, especially coconuts. Coconut cultivation was promoted in several areas, including Buol. This paper scrutinizes the cultivation process and development of copra production in Buol. The commodities were closely related because the cultivation process greatly affected the production of copra. This study used the historical method to suggest that the people of Buol were cultivating coconut because of its great benefits, including how easy it was to be processed. In addition, other findings of this study indicate that the price of copra at the plantation level was determined by interconnected factors such as the quality of copra, the marketing network, and the absence of koperasi (economic enterprise) as a market counterweight. The study also found that although they were seen as economic symbols for the Buolese, these two commodities did not contribute significantly to the welfare of Buolese, particularly the small farmers who do not have vast cultivating lands.


Keywords


coconut cultivation, copra production, history, socio-economics, and Buol.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Asba, Abdul Rasyid. 2003. “Ekspansi dan Kontraksi: Ekspor Kopra Makassar, 1883-1958.” Universitas Indonesia.

Asik, Iglesias. 2017. “Program Plasma Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit PT. Rimba Rayatama Jaya dalam Pola Kemitraaan Masyarakat di Kampung Besiq Kecamatan Damai Kabupaten Kutai Barat.” EJournal Ilmu Pemerintahan 849-60.

Awang, San Afri. 1994. Kelapa: Kajian Sosial Ekonomi. Yogyakarta: Aditya Media.

BPS. 2002. Kabupaten Buol dalam Angka 2001. Buol: BPS Kabupaten Buol.

BPS. 2008. Kabupaten Buol dalam Angka 2007. Buol: BPS Kabupaten Buol.

_____. 2014. Kabupaten Buol dalam Angka 2013. Buol: BPS Kabupaten Buol.

_____. 2020. Kabupaten Buol dalam Angka 2019. Buol: BPS Kabupaten Buol.

Garancang, Ahmad, Amir Kadir, Dahlan Kajia, dan Zohra Mahmud. 1986. Struktur Bahasa Buol. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Hendarwati, Demitria Dewi, ed. 2016. Statistik Perkebunan Indonesia 2015 – 2017 Kelapa. Jakarta.

Henley, David. 2005. Fertility, Food and Fever: Population, Economy and Environment in North and Central Sulawesi, 1600-1930. Leiden: KITLV Press.

Juwono, Harto, dan Yosephine Hutagalung. 2005. Limo Lo Pohalaa: Sejarah Kerajaan Gorontalo. Yogyakarta: Ombak.

Kartodirdjo, Sartono. 2017. Pengantar Sejarah Indonesia Baru: 1500- 1900, dari Emporioum sampai Imperium. Yogyakarta: Ombak.

Lapian, Adrian B. 2009. Orang Laut – Bajak Laut-Raja Laut: Sejarah Kawasan Laut Sulawesi Abad XIX. Depok: Komunitas Bambu.

Mahid, Syakir, Haliadi Sadi, dan Wilman Darsono. 2012. Sejarah Kerajaan Bungku. Yogyakarta: Ombak.

Mailili, Maryam G. 2016. Cerita Rakyat Buol. Buol: CV Asra Jaya.

Mardiatmoko, Gun, Mira Ariyanti, dan Ronny Loppies. 2011. Produksi Tanaman Kelapa (Cocos Nucifera L.). Ambon: Badan Penerbit Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Pattimura.

Moehar Daniel. 2002. Pengantar Ekonomi Pertanian. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Nadjamudin, Lukman. 2016. “History of Buol: Study on the Border Territory and Exploitation of Mine.” 1st UPI International Conference on Sociology Education, UPI ICSE.

Notowerdojo, Moertedjo. 1943. Kopra. Djakarta: Balai Poestaka. Samad, A. Rahim. 2002. Sejarah Buol Jilid 1. Palu: Perum PNRI.

Soetedjo, R. 1969. Ilmu Bercocok Tanam Kelapa. Djakarta: C.V. Yasaguna.

Tenda, Elsje T., Meity A. Tulalo, Jeanette Kumaunang, dan D. A. N. Ismail. 2014. “Keunggulan Varietas Kelapa Buol ST-1 dan Potensi Pengembangannya.” Buletin Palma 15(2):93-101.

Topatimasang , Roem . 2013 . “Pengantar, Cengkeh: Dulu, Kini & Nanti.” dalam Ekspedisi Cengkeh. Makassar: Ininnawa dan Layar Nusa.

Ulaen, Alex John. 2018. Dari Landstreek van Manado ke Otonomi Daerah: Teritorialisasi dan Identifikasi-Etnis. Yogyakarta: Amara Books.

Whitten, Anthony J., Muslimin Mustafa, dan Gregory S. Henderson. 1987. Ekologi Sulawesi. Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Press.

Wawancara. Amin. Desa Kantanan, 4 April 2020.

Wawancara. Eskor Ton. Desa Duamayo, 18 Maret 2020.

Wawancara. Haslani. Bokat, 30 Maret 2020.

Wawancara. Idrus A Ambololong. Desa Kantanan, 20 Maret 2020.

Wawancara. Issuarno Gobel. Desa Bukamog, 13 Maret 2020.

Wawancara. Jamaluddin. Desa Tang, 18 Maret 2020.

Wawancara. Mahrus Hasan. Desa Tayadun, 25 Maret 2020.

Wawancara. Mardi. Desa Bukamog, 12 Maret 2020.

Wawancara. Musa D Abdullah. Desa Bokat, 30 Maret 2020.

Wawancara. Ramli. Biau, 29 Maret 2020.

Wawancara. Salim. Desa Tang, 15 Maret 2020.

Wawancara. Samsudin Datu. Desa Bongo, 18 Maret 2020.

Wawancara. Suleman Haruna. Desa Bukamog, 26 Maret 2020.

Wawancara. Thalib. Desa Tayadun, 26 Maret 2020.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33652/handep.v5i1.159

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Handep: Jurnal Sejarah dan Budaya

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

JURNAL HANDEP INDEXED BY :

                                                          

 

 

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.